NA 057

DIN Standards Committee Food and Agricultural Products

Standards [CURRENT]

DIN EN 12393-3
Foods of plant origin - Multiresidue methods for the determination of pesticide residues by GC or LC-MS/MS - Part 3: Determination and confirmatory tests; German version EN 12393-3:2013

Title (German)

Pflanzliche Lebensmittel - Multiverfahren zur Bestimmung von Pestizidrückständen mit GC oder LC-MS/MS - Teil 3: Verfahren zur Bestimmung und Absicherung; Deutsche Fassung EN 12393-3:2013


Pesticides as well as plant protection products are employed for the cultivation of crops in order to provide sustainable protection from pests and non-parasitic interference. Around 650 of such products with approximately 250 active substances are permitted for use in Germany. Pesticide residues can still remain on harvests and infect foodstuffs even after the proper and intended application of pesticides. The maximum amounts of pesticides in various foodstuffs are specified based on levels of toxicity and exposure to individual pesticides. The valid legal basis in Germany is the regulation on maximum residue amounts. Standardized maximum amounts are being established in the EU and are specified in Annex I of European Directive 91/414/EEC. Residues must be analytically applicable so that maximum amounts are meaningful. The need for uniform sampling methods and methods of analysis is therefore explicitly specified in Regulation (EC) No. 396/2005. Based on this, the responsible Working Committee "Pestizide" ("Pesticides") is preparing standards for the determination of pesticide residues in foods of plant origin. This European Standard comprises a range of multi-residue methods of equal status: no single method can be identified as the prime method because, in this field, methods are continuously developing. The selected methods included in this standard have been subjected to interlaboratory studies and/or are widely used throughout Europe. Each method specified in this European Standard is suitable for identifying and quantifying a definite range of those organohalogen, and/or organophosphorus and/or organonitrogen pesticides which occur as residues in foodstuffs of plant origin. This European Standard contains the following methods that have been subjected to interlaboratory studies and/or are adopted throughout Europe: method M: Extraction with acetone and liquid-liquid partition with dichloromethane/light petroleum, if necessary clean-up on Florisil®; method N: Extraction with acetone, liquid-liquid partition with dichloromethane or cyclohexane/ethyl acetate and clean-up with gel permeation and silica gel chromatography; method P: Extraction with ethyl acetate, and if necessary, clean-up by gel permeation chromatography. Method L described in EN 12393-2:2008 has been deleted as it is no longer in use in Europe according to experts. Mass spectrometry as well as tandem mass spectrometry as determination techniques have been described more frequently in the past few years. This European Standard gives guidance on some recommended techniques for the determination of pesticide residues in foods of plant origin and on confirmatory tests. The identity of any observed pesticide residue is confirmed, particularly in those cases in which it would appear that the maximum residue limit has been exceeded. GC-MS and LC-MS/MS is of particular significance concerning detection and confirmation, as described especially in Part 3. Some appropriate working conditions are described as examples in the annexes of Part 3.

Document: references other documents

Responsible national committee

NA 057-01-08 AA - Pesticides  

Responsible european committee

CEN/TC 275/WG 3 - Pesticides  

Edition 2014-01
Original language German
Translation English
Price from 85.30 €
Table of contents


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