NA 001

DIN/VDI Standards Committee Acoustics, Noise Control and Vibration Engineering


Mechanical vibration - Rotor balancing - Part 21: Description and evaluation of balancing machines (ISO 21940-21)


This part of ISO 21940 specifies requirements for evaluating the performance of machines for balancing rotating components by the following tests: a) test for minimum achievable residual unbalance, Umar test; b) test for unbalance reduction ratio, URR test; c) test for couple unbalance interference on single-plane machines; d) compensator test. These tests are performed during acceptance of a balancing machine and also later on a periodic basis to ensure that the balancing machine is capable of handling the actual balancing tasks. For these tests, three types of specially prepared proving rotors are specified, covering a wide range of applications on horizontal and vertical balancing machines. An annex describes recommended modifications of proving rotors prepared in acccordance with ISO 2953:1985. Moreover, this part of ISO 21940 also stresses the importance attached to the form in which the balancing machine characteristics are specified by the manufacturer. Adoption of the format specified enables users to compare products from different manufacturers. Additionally, in an annex guidelines are given on the information by which users provide their data and requirements to a balancing machine manufacturer. This part of ISO 21940 is applicable to balancing machines that support and rotate rotors with rigid behaviour at balancing speed and that indicate the amounts and angular locations of a required unbalance correction in one or more planes. Therefore it is applicable to rotors with rigid behaviour as well as to rotors with shaft-elastic behaviour balanced in accordance with low-speed balancing procedures. It covers both soft-bearing balancing machines and hard-bearing balancing machines.



Planned document number

DIN ISO 21940-21

Project number


Responsible national committee

NA 001-03-06 AA - Balancing and balancing machines 

Responsible international committee

ISO/TC 108/SC 2/WG 31 - Balancing 

previous edition(s)

Mechanical vibration - Rotor balancing - Part 21: Description and evaluation of balancing machines (ISO 21940-21:2012)

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