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Standards [CURRENT]

DIN EN ISO 16994
Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of sulfur and chlorine (ISO 16994:2016); German version EN ISO 16994:2016

Title (German)

Biogene Festbrennstoffe - Bestimmung des Gesamtgehaltes an Schwefel und Chlor (ISO 16994:2016); Deutsche Fassung EN ISO 16994:2016


This document describes methods for the determination of the total sulfur and total chlorine content in solid biofuels. The document specifies two methods for decomposition of the fuel and different analytical techniques for the quantification of the elements in the decomposition solutions. The use of automatic equipment is also included in this document, provided that a validation is carried out as specified and that the performance characteristics are similar to those of the method described in this document. Sulfur and chlorine are present in solid biofuels in varying concentrations. During the combustion process, they are usually converted to sulfur-oxides and chlorides. The presence of these elements and their reaction products can contribute significantly to corrosion and to environmentally harmful emissions. Combustion in an oxygen atmosphere in a closed combustion vessel is the preferred method to digest biomass samples for a determination of the total content of sulfur and chlorine. An advantage of the method is that the digestion can be carried out in connection with the determination of the calorific value according to ISO 18125. Decomposition in closed vessels is an appropriate alternative method. The determination of the resultant chlorine and sulfur compounds can be done by different techniques, such as ion chromatography, ICP, titrimetry. This document has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 238 "Solid biofuels" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 335 "Solid biofuels", the secretariat of which is held by SIS (Sweden). This document replaces DIN EN ISO 16994:2015-07. The responsible German committee is Working Committee NA 062-05-82 AA "Biogene Festbrennstoffe" ("Solid biofuels") at DIN Standards Committee Materials Testing (NMP).

Document: references other documents

Responsible national committee

NA 062-05-82 AA - Solid biofuels  

Responsible european committee

CEN/TC 335 - Solid biofuels  

Responsible international committee

ISO/TC 238/WG 5 - Chemical test methods  

Edition 2016-12
Original language German
Translation English
Price from 85.30 €
Table of contents



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