Textiles and Textile Machinery
Here is a selection of various textile standards and specifications relevant to the Circular Economy.
Standards and specifications
The technical report DIN CEN/TR 17330; DIN SPEC 60020:2020-01 "Guidance for the selection, use, care and maintenance of protective clothing against foul weather, wind and cold" provides employers or persons advising them, such as suppliers of personal protective equipment (PPE) or services, inspectorates, insurance companies, etc., with guidance for necessary decisions in the selection, application, care and maintenance of protective clothing against foul weather, wind and cold and complies with the applicable European legislation. The technical report also makes recommendations for regulating the preservation of PPE. These regulations should include, among other things, types of repair, a card index with the history of the clothing, criteria for disposal and a sustainable disposal procedure.
The technical specification DIN CEN/TS 16822:2016 -02 (DIN SPEC 64677) "Textiles and textile products - Self-declared environmental claims - Use of the terms" has been written to assist companies in the textile supply chain in defining environmental supplier declarations for textile products, based on accurate and verifiable information, and to harmonize the use of environmental supplier declarations to assist end-users in purchasing textile products with a lower negative environmental impact and to increase environmental awareness. It is essential that environmental supplier declarations for textile products are reliable and based on a clear, transparent, accurate and documented methodology. These can be made by any company in the textile supply chain, including manufacturers, importers, wholesalers, retailers and so on. In this context, terms such as "biodegradable", "compostable" and "recyclable", are explained in more detail, and the use of these terms is specified. The purpose of this Technical Specification is to provide answers to the questions below: What is the meaning of these terms and what can they actually guarantee? How can we accurately identify the environmental characteristics of the textile products in question? What are the practical conditions for the use of these terms? The technical specification is not a substitute for any legal requirement applicable to textile products relating to environmental information, environmental claims or environmental labelling or any other legal requirement.
DIN EN 14065:2016-08 "Textiles - Laundry-processed textiles - Biocontamination control system " describes a risk management approach called the risk analysis and biocontamination control system (RABC), which is designed to enable laundries to continuously ensure a microbiological quality of the textiles processed in the laundry. The RABC approach applies to laundry market sectors where biocontamination control is necessary, for example in the pharmaceutical, medical device, food and cosmetics manufacturing and healthcare industries. The RABC approach excludes aspects related to worker safety and sterility of the final product. In this way, disposable products can be dispensed with and the reprocessed textiles can be returned to the use cycle.
In the area of responsibility of the Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute, the abrasion resistance of geotextiles for use in hydraulic engineering is investigated within the framework of suitability tests. When assessing according to limit values, the long service life of geosynthetics in hydraulic engineering must be taken into account. This service life can easily be 25 years or longer. The tests developed in Germany have attracted international attention and have found their way into the body of International Standards with ISO 22182 "Geotextiles and geotextile-related products - Determination of index abrasion resistance characteristics under wet conditions for hydraulic applications".