Updated German Standardization Roadmap on Industry 4.0

Now available in English and German

Standards are essential for the successful implementation of Industry 4.0. They provide a common language for ensuring the reliable and efficient interaction of very different systems. Existing standards that lay down this common language - and the need for new standards - are presented in the updated version of the German Standardization Roadmap on Industry 4.0 published today by DIN and DKE. Many core recommendations made in the first version have already been implemented. This second version focusses on human-machine interaction in Industry 4.0, communications, and IT security. The German version of the Roadmap is available at The English version of the Roadmap is available at

DIN, the German Institute for Standardization and its partner institute DKE - which is responsible for electrotechnical standardization within Germany - presented the new, updated Roadmap Industry 4.0 today. The Roadmap not only gives an overview of existing standards in this area, it also identifies the need for new standards and gives recommendations for action. Describing the need for Industry 4.0 standards from the point of view of German stakeholders, the Roadmap was drawn up by representatives from industry, technical associations, science and research institutions.

Key recommendations made in the first version have already been implemented

"The Roadmap is a 'living' document that will be regularly revised to reflect the current situation as needed," says Dr. Günter Hörcher, Head of the DIN/DKE working group "Standardization Roadmap Industry 4.0" and Head of Research Strategy at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA. Many of the recommendations made in the first version of the Roadmap published in November 2013 have already been implemented. One example: The reference architecture model "RAMI 4.0". This three-dimensional layer model illustrates the complex interrelationship between different standardization activities and use cases in various sectors. This model allows for a step-by-step migration from the present into the world of Industry 4.0, and can be used to coordinate work in various fields. The RAMI 4.0 model is described in DIN SPEC 91345 (German and English), which will be presented at the 2016 Hanover Fair, will serve as a working document for international standardization.

Greater focus on communication

The most important innovation in Industry 4.0 systems as compared with today's automation systems is the more intensive use of open communications systems, not only the internet but also radio and mobile telephony, for example. In addition to issues such as global interoperability and the availability of networks, the problem of ensuring IT security must also be dealt with. The Roadmap gives concrete recommendations regarding IT security.

New focus on human-machine interaction in Industry 4.0

Flexible production systems provide various opportunities for making work processes more efficient while at the same time better meeting the needs of humans. In the future it will not be humans operating machines, but humans and machines interacting with one another more intuitively and on an equal level. A workshop on just this topic was held, during which experts discussed the opportunities and risks for this new form of interaction. Recommendations regarding this topic are also made in the new edition of the Roadmap.


The first edition of the German Standardization Roadmap Industry 4.0 was published by DIN and DKE in November 2013. The second edition gives an overview of the current situation, and shows how standards can describe means of communication among all actors in the automation, ICT and production technologies which make up Industry 4.0. In February 2014 DIN and DKE formed a steering body to deal with Industry 4.0. Four working groups address aspects such as radio technology, standardization processes, use cases, and of course the continuing development of the Roadmap. The results of their work are presented on the new "Industry 4.0 platform" launched by the Federal Ministries for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) and of Education and Research (BMBF). DIN and DKE have also brought this topic to the attention of the international standards organizations ISO and IEC.


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Andrea Schröder

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