of how standards promote global trade
Containers are the building blocks of world trade – because of this, their modular design, dimensions and weight are specified in international standards. Strength requirements ensure that they can be stacked at heights of up to nine rows. Standardized corner castings facilitate lifting and moving of the containers. The principle standard governing these important tools of world trade is ISO 668 "Series 1 freight containers - Classification, dimensions and ratings".
The standards series DIN EN ISO 10350 and DIN EN ISO 11403 lay down the "acquisition and presentation of comparable multipoint data" on the basic properties of plastics. Comparable data is a prerequisite for the international database CAMPUS (Computer Aided Material Preselection by Uniform Standards) which covers 90 % of the world plastics market. This producer-driven global project has effected a reduction in the variety of test specimens and promotes automatization with economic benefits of up to 1 million euros per user and total benefits of 50 million euros worldwide.
Workstations with visual display terminals:
The DIN EN ISO 9241 series of standards "Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs)" set the prerequisites for an internationally uniform design of VDT workstations, which in turn promotes world trade in standardized video display units. With these standards work stations can be designed so that users are not exposed to health hazards and can work efficiently and creatively.
International System of Units (SI):
International and intercultural communication among scientists and engineers would not be possible without a common language of physical, chemical, mathematical and technical units. The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international d'unités) provides a globally accepted basis of understanding. The SI is laid down in International Standard ISO 1000 which defines the units, recommends selected decimal multiples and submultiples for general use, gives other units which may be used with the SI, and quotes the definitions of the SI base units.